Friday, June 26, 2009

Functional abilities and caregiver assistance in Rett syndrome

Sponsors and Collaborators: Faculdades Metropolitanas Unidas University of Sao Paulo Locations: Brazil Faculdades Metropolitanas Unidas São Paulo, Brazil, 04505-001 Information provided by: Faculdades Metropolitanas Unidas Identifier: NCT00630422 (completed) Purpose The purpose of this study is to evaluate and determinate the functional abilities in Rett syndrome conforming to the established Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory (PEDI). Rett syndrome (RS) is a progressive neurological disturbance of genetic cause that affects females almost exclusively. It is caused by mutations, usually sporadic, of the MECP2 gene located in the X chromosome. Presented as main characteristics: stagnation in neuromotor development; losses of communication, visual contact, interest for people and objects; and manual stereotypes. In consequence to the serious cognitive and motor compromise, the RS patients have great difficulty in accomplishing day-to-day tasks. The objective of this work was to evaluate the functional abilities and to discover the needs of assistance by the caregiver, conforming to the established Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory (PEDI). That evaluation instrument, which possesses 197 items in the areas of self-care, mobility and social function, was applied to 64 individuals with RS that matched the criteria for the classic form of the disease. Their ages ranged between 2 years and 26 years, with an average of 10 years. Among the 73 PEDI activities in the area of self-care, 52 (71.2%) were not accomplished by any child; in the area of mobility, among the 59 proposed activities, 8 (13.5%) were not done by any RS patient; and finally in the area of social function, none of the 50 (76.9%) activities among 65 were accomplished. The average performance adjusted in a scale from 0 to 100 for the area of self-care was of 8.9/100, varying from 0 to 26; for mobility, it was an average of 30.2/100, varying from 1.7 to 74.5; and of social function was 5.2/100, with variation from 0 to 21.5. The need of attendance was, in a complementary way, greater in the self-care areas and social function than in mobility. We didn't find, in our sample, a relationship between the age and the degree of incapacity, suggesting that RS individual present a compromising level that is from the beginning quite serious. Unfortunately, the smallest compromise of mobility, compared with the areas of self-care and social function, doesn't bring adaptive advantages or greater independence to the RS patients. Source:

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